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In today’s culture, people often refer to themselves as being depressed or have others suggest to them that they might be depressed. We all feel sad or have difficulties with our mood from time-to-time. However, there is a big difference between normal occasional sadness and being in a state of depression that requires clinical intervention. Listed here are some common symptoms of a Depressive Disorder:

  • Having a depressed mood more often than not, as indicated by feeling sad, empty, hopeless, and tearful. Such observations can be made by you or others in your life.
  • Diminished interest or pleasure in activities that you used to enjoy in the past. This observation can be made by you or others in your life.
  • Significant weight loss or gain (a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month) or an increase or decrease in appetite, compared with your baseline.
  • Significant changes in your sleep patterns (e.g., insomnia, hypersomnia, waking and not being able to go back to sleep, being so sleepy that you can’t get out of bed in the morning).
  • Marked increases in restlessness, irritation or agitation. You or others around you notice signs of an uncomfortable agitation that are manifested in your physical behaviours/movements. Alternatively, you or others may notice that you are moving slower, or that everything about you is slowing down, more so than usual.
  • Often feeling tired, fatigued or low in energy.
  • Thoughts of worthlessness or feelings of excessive guilt.
  • A decrease in your ability to think clearly, concentrate and remember things as well as noticing more indecisiveness than usual.
  • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide or a previous suicide attempt.

Persons with depression show significant distress or even major disruptions in occupational functioning, academic performance, social relationships, intimate relationships as well as other important areas of functioning. Depression is diagnosed on a continuum from mild to severe and often co-occurs with symptoms of anxiety as well as drug and alcohol use. Depression is the only psychiatric diagnosis that carries with it a marked risk of mortality due to suicide.

There exist a number of scientifically-proven psychological interventions for treating depression that have been shown to be highly effective. Dr. Giancola employs an Integrative Approach Style whereby he brings together aspects of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Person-Centered Humanistic Therapy, Psychodynamic/Insight-Oriented Therapy as well as others to treat your depression. If you are already taking antidepressant medications, or if it is determined that you require an evaluation for such medications, Dr. Giancola will work in conjunction with your prescribing physician to ensure your best results.

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